There are two types of scripts used in Picard: the file naming script and tagging scripts. These are managed from the “File Naming” and “Scripting” sections of the Picard scripting language. Scripts are often discussed in the MetaBrainz Community Forum, and there is a thread specific to file naming and script snippets.menu. All scripts are written using the
File Naming Script
Multiple file naming scripts can be defined in a user’s settings, although only one is selected at a time
for use. File naming scripts can vary from a simple one-line script such as
%album%/%title% to a very
complex script using different file naming formats based on different criteria. In all cases, the files
will be saved using the text output by the script.
File naming scripts are managed using the File Naming Script Editor which can be opened from the “File Naming” section of the menu, or directly from the menu item. The current file naming script can also be selected directly from the menu.
Any new tags set or tags modified by the file naming script will not be written to the output files’ metadata.
There can be multiple tagging scripts defined in a user’s settings. Individual scripts can be enabled or disabled, and the order of execution of the scripts can be set. Whenever a script is run automatically (i.e.: when an album is loaded), it is processed once for each track in the album that triggered the run. For example, if there are two tagging scripts enabled (A and B) and an album with three tracks is loaded, the scripts will be processed in the following order:
Script A Track 1;
Script A Track 2;
Script A Track 3;
Script B Track 1;
Script B Track 2;
Script B Track 3.
Metadata updates are not shared between tracks, so you cannot append data from one track to a tag in another track.
Any new tags set or tags modified by the tagging scripts will be written to the output files’ metadata, unless the tag name begins with an underscore. These “hidden” tags are typically used as variables to hold temporary values that are used later in either the tagging or file naming scripts. Tagging scripts are run once for each track in the data, using the metadata for that track.
Tagging scripts can also be run manually by right-clicking either an album or a track in the right-hand pane in Picard. If run from the album entry, the script is run for each track in the album. If run from an individual track, the script is only run for that track.
Tagging Script Examples
The following scripting examples show how tagger scripts can be used to solve some specific use cases. Please refer to Picard scripting language for a detailed description of the variables and functions used in these examples.
Move disambiguation to album title
Append the disambiguation comment of a release to the album title:
Release language as language
%_releaselanguage% variable specifies the language of the track listing, whereas the
%language% variable is supposed to be the lyrics language. The following script will use the
%_releaselanguage% instead if
%language% is empty:
Use original release date
By default Picard provides a tag
date which holds the release date of a specific release and
originaldate which provides the earliest release date of this release. For example you might have
a 2020 reissue of an album that originally was released in 1992. In this case
date will be set
to “2020” and
originaldate to “1992”. If you prefer to have always the original release date
as the primary date in your file’s tags you could use the following script:
The use of $if2 ensures that if
originaldate is empty it will fall back to
In addition Picard provides a variable
%_recording_firstreleasedate%, which tries to provide
the first release date per recording (which can be different for each track in a release).
If you prefer this you can use the following script:
Or if you want to keep the
date for the actual release date of the specific release, but use
the recording’s first release date as
Set album sort name
albumsort tag is not filled by Picard by default. You can set it to a meaningful value
with prefixes “The” and “A” moved to the end with the following script:
This will e.g. set the sort name for the release “The Best of Muddy Waters” to “Best of Muddy Waters, The”.
Set compilation for multi artist releases
By default the
compilation tag will be set to 1 only for Various Artists releases. The following script will
set it for all releases with more than one artist (as it was default behavior in Picard 1.2 and earlier):
Remove featuring from album artist
This always removes featuring artists from the album artist:
Move featuring from artist to title
According to MusicBrainz guidelines featuring artists are part of the artist name, e.g. “Artist A feat. Artist B”. Some users prefer to have featuring added to the album or track title instead. The following script moves featured track artists to the track title:
$set(_feat_title,$rsearch(%artist%,\\s+\\\(?\(f\(ea\)?t\\.[^\)]*\))) $set(artist,$rreplace(%artist%,\\s+\\\(?f\(ea\)?t\\.[^\)]*\\\)?,)) $set(title,$if(%_feat_title%,%title% \(%_feat_title%\),%title%))
The same can be done for moving featured artists from the album artist to the album title:
$set(_feat_album,$rsearch(%albumartist%,\\s+\\\(?\(f\(ea\)?t\\.[^\)]*\))) $set(albumartist,$rreplace(%albumartist%,\\s+\\\(?f\(ea\)?t\\.[^\)]*\\\)?,)) $set(album,$if(%_feat_album%,%album% \(%_feat_album%\),%album%))
Preserve original filename
originalfilename tag is supposed to hold the filename the file originally had. By default
Picard does not set or modify this tag. If you want to save this information the following Script
can be used:
This will keep any existing
originalfilename tag. But if this tag is not yet present
the tag will be set to the current filename. As this happens before the file is being saved
the original name of the file before Picard modifies it can be preserved.